In 1936, as he began a famous lecture on Beowulf, Tolkien posed the riddle of the view from the tower. My ebook tells how this view became also the riddle of The Lord of the Rings.

The view from the tower is a symbol of the art of the North. Tower and view entered The Lord of the Rings as Tolkien discovered the magic of the Necromancer – the Ring-maker – as a principle of evil in northern traditions that had ever opposed its art.

Seven, for halls of stone